David H. Blackwell (Obituary)

David H. Blackwell dies at 91; pioneering statistician at Howard and Berkeley

David H. Blackwell, 91, who rose from poverty in Southern Illinois to become one of the country’s most prominent statisticians and the first African American to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences, died July 8 at a hospital in Berkeley, Calif., of complications from a stroke.

Dr. Blackwell was also the first black tenured professor at the University of California at Berkeley, where he became chairman of the statistics department. A wide-ranging scholar, he was known as an elegant theoretician who made important contributions to a number of fields, especially in statistics and probability.

His analysis of bluffing as a poker strategy, as well as his research on dueling — using statistics to determine the most opportune moment for a dueler to shoot — helped establish him as an expert in game theory.

He conducted groundbreaking work on the mathematics of multistage decision-making that has been applied in defense and finance, and he wrote a textbook on Bayesian statistics, a method of incorporating knowledge about past events into predictions about the likelihood of future events.

“I’m sort of a dilettante,” he was quoted as saying in “Mathematical People,” a 1985 book of profiles and interviews. In 1986, he received one of the most prestigious honors in the field of statistics, the R.A. Fisher award from the Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies.

David Harold Blackwell was born April 24, 1919, in Centralia, Ill. His father, who had a fourth-grade education, worked for the railroad, and his grandfather ran a store.

Dr. Blackwell taught himself to read at the store by examining the pictures and letters on seed packages.

At 16, he planned to become an elementary schoolteacher and entered the University of Illinois, where, at the time, there were no black professors. Six years later, he had discovered a passion for mathematics, earned a doctorate in that subject and won a fellowship to Princeton University’s Institute for Advanced Study.

While at Princeton in the early 1940s, he sent job applications to 104 historically black colleges — working as a professor elsewhere, he believed, wasn’t a possibility.

However, he was courted by Berkeley and was nearly offered a job there until the idea met with protest from the wife of the mathematics department chairman. She was a Texas native who liked to invite the math faculty to dinner occasionally, and she said she “was not going to have that darky in her house,” according to Dr. Blackwell’s recollection in an oral history interview.

He joined the Howard University faculty in 1944 and became the head of the mathematics department.

While in Washington, he became interested in statistics after hearing a lecture by Agriculture Department statistician Meyer A. Girshick. After Dr. Blackwell challenged one of Girshick’s assertions, the two met and became friends and colleagues.

They wrote a 1954 book, “The Theory of Games and Statistical Decisions.” It established them as leaders in the burgeoning field of game theory, which uses mathematics to understand winning strategies in situations that can be applied to economics, biology, engineering, political science and international relations.

Dr. Blackwell was again courted by the University of California. He became a Berkeley professor in 1955 and 10 years later was admitted to the National Academy of Sciences. He was a member of numerous other professional organizations, including the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

His wife, Ann Madison Blackwell, died in 2006 after 62 years of marriage. Four of his eight children also preceded him in death: Julia Madison Blackwell, David Harold Blackwell Jr., Grover Johnson Blackwell and Ruth Blackwell Herch.

Survivors include four children, Hugo Blackwell of Berkeley, Ann Blackwell and Vera Gleason, both of Oakland, Calif., and Sarah Hunt of Houston; a sister; and 14 grandchildren.

Dr. Blackwell taught introductory- through graduate-level courses and mentored 65 doctoral students in his career. “Why do you want to share something beautiful with somebody else?” he said in “Mathematical People.” “It’s because of the pleasure he will get, and in transmitting it, you appreciate its beauty all over again.”

Emma Brown (Washington Post 2010)

7 Replies to “David H. Blackwell (Obituary)”

  1. David blackwell was a math person that had to go through racial things because most jobs didnt want a afrcian amercian teaching at their schools so he went to a place that accepted it and he came up with things that help in games and defense.

  2. David H Blackwell was a math professor who had to go through racism because some people had thought there would be problem if a black man taught at schools. He later would go to Howard University to be a professor and later became head of the mathematics department.

  3. David Blackwell was a strategist and always new what to do he was a professor at Berkeley and from there was a great math professor as well as many other things through his life he wrote a book called “The Theory of Games and Statistical Decisions” which he wrote with a friend of his Meyer Girshick. David was able to know when a ]n opponent would shoot in a duel due to his skills of probability and strategy.

  4. david blackwell was a famous professor. he was known for math and statistics. at first he only applied to black colleges, because he thought of teaching somewhere else was impossible. he died on july 8th. he won the highest award you can in the field of statistics.

  5. david blackwell was a normal mam with normal wants, he wanted to teach but because of racial discrimination he was not allowed by amny schools but the university of california he taught for ten years before going to the national academy of sciences. he died at the age of 91.

  6. David H. Blackwell 91 who rose from poverty in southern he become one of the most prominent statisticians and the first African American to be elected to the national academy of science, Dr. Blackwell was also the first black tenured professor at the university of california he said ”Why do you want to share something beutiful with somebody else”

  7. david blackwell was an excellent statician. He died at an age of 91 due to a stroke. He became the first black person to be a professor at the university of california at berkely. He was admitted to a national academy of science

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